Green industrial development – Pathways towards a circular economy

3 – 7 December 2017 | Kingdom of Bahrain

The five-day training course on “Green industrial development – Pathways towards a circular economy” was conducted at the University of Bahrain. It was supported by the Supreme Council for the Environment of the Kingdom of Bahrain, the Bahrain Centre for Strategic, International and Energy Studies (DERASAT) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization Investment and Technology Promotion Office in Bahrain.

The course brought together 15 policymakers from Ministries of Industry and Trade from African and Arab countries, as well as Bahraini professionals, to discuss core issues, including dematerialization and detoxification, energy efficiency, and renewables and their role in the development of a circular economy. The course introduced participants to key trends, providing them with a variety of policy instruments, and showcasing selected case studies through a series of lectures and interactive exercises.

Lectures

The Context I – Indicators
N. Cantore
This session introduces different categories of indicators and explains how they can be used for monitoring or for the setting of policy strategies.

Core issues/trends I: Dematerialization & detoxification
E. Clarence-Smith
This session, after a quick overview of some prevailing trends, covers the major strategies available to enterprises – of any size and in any industrial sector – to reduce the amount of materials they use, both in their processes and in their products, to reduce the amount of toxic chemicals in their processes and products, and to minimize their pollution and waste generation, thereby maximizing their resource efficiency.

Core issues/trends II: Energy efficiency & renewables
N. Cantore
This session discusses trends of energy efficiency and renewable energy and the importance of promoting them to mitigate climate change and to exploit business opportunities.

Core issues/trends III: Circular economy – the why and the what
N. Tas
This session introduces circular economy principles and concepts and showcases eco-design strategies as well as business models such as remanufacturing – for circularizing material flows with practical examples.

Solutions I: Instruments for dematerialization & detoxification
E. Clarence-Smith
This session will go over the main instruments which governments can use to encourage enterprises to reduce the materials they use, both in their processes and in their products (dematerialization), to reduce the toxic chemicals they use, and to minimize their pollution and waste generation.

Solutions II: Instruments for energy efficiency and renewable energy
N. Cantore
This session will provide an overview of the instruments in the hands of policy makers to encourage the promotion of energy efficiency and renewable energy and instruments for climate change adaptation and mitigation.

Solutions III: Circular economy – the what
N. Tas
This session focuses on the whole cycle for circularizing material flows, and provides insights into recycling and producer responsibility, including practical examples.

Solutions IV: instruments for green industry
E. Clarence-Smith
This session, after some discussion of what exactly constitutes “green industry” will go over the main instruments available to governments to encourage the growth of green industries in their countries (roughly equivalent to the Environmental Goods and Services Sector).

Case Study on Circular economy
N. Tas
This session will have brief cases, and provide opportunities for question and answer type interaction between participants and the lecturers.

Case study – Bahrain I: Bahrain’s policies & SDGs
O. Al-Ubaydli
Bahrain’s Vision 2030 is an early antecedent of the UN’s SDGs, and the government’s 2015-2018 action plan, developed independently of the SDGs, represented the government’s initial strategy for the present period. The launch of the SDGs shortly afterward motivated Bahraini policymakers to reassess the government’s strategy in light of the SDGs, and to look for shared components. The past two years have seen a genuine commitment by a wide range of Bahraini stakeholders to exploit the opportunity offered by the SDGs. This paper describes some of these activities.

Case study – Bahrain II: Green initiatives at UoB
N. W. Alnaser
This presentation will shed light on the environmental initiatives at University of Bahrain to illustrate the potential benefits of a small green community located in a green campus; particular attention is paid to combating global climate change, energy and water conservation, waste recycling, and green transportation. Such initiatives will lead to change in the behaviour and provide more passion towards sustainability of the environment, as well as economic and social issues related to the sustainability. The University of Bahrain joined the UI GreenMetric World University Ranking in 2016 and was ranked 242 among 520 International Universities. UI Greenmetric’s findings uncovered an excellent opportunity to transform UoB into a zero carbon dioxide footprint. This is due to the careful monitoring of electricity consumption , transportation, water usage, waste management, setting & infrastructure, energy & climate change, and environmental education.

Case study – Egypt
A. Abo Sena
This presentation aims at giving an overview of the Resource Efficiency and Cleaner Production (RECP) Global Initiative, taking into considerations the experiences gained and lessons learnt from the operation of the National Cleaner Production Centre in Egypt, and presenting the main polices developed in Egypt related to RECP and Green Industry Development. Subsequently, this presentation will focus on some relevant selected case studies and success stories on implementation of RECP and Green Industry Development in the industry (e.g. on energy efficiency, chemical leasing, waste management, green entrepreneurship etc.)

Case study – Bahrain III: Sustainable community
N. E. Eshaqui
The presentation will reflectupon the concept of “Greening Industry” through analyzing the current situation in the kingdom of Bahrain, which is very much related to the creation of a “Sustainable Community”. Engineers, educators and people working in industrial production are required to be aware of the importance of “Green Industry” as a paradigm. Creating sustainable communities for the greening of industry is a pathway to growth, with economies aspiring to improved industrial production processes, supported by policies and governances.

Course faculty

Nilgün Tas
Chief, Industrial Resource Efficiency Division, UNIDO
Nilgün Tas is the Chief for the Industrial Resource Efficiency Division in the Department of Environment, UNIDO and leads the cross-departmental team for the circular economy. She is a private sector development specialist with over 32 years of experience. Nilgün held various positions at UNIDO as Officer-in-Charge for the Department of External Relations, Chief for Competitiveness, Business Environment and Industrial Upgrading Unit, Chairperson of the Gender Mainstreaming Steering Committee, UNIDO Representative in Vietnam and Chief/Senior Technical Advisor for various UNIDO, UNDP, OECD and TIKA projects since 1996. Previously, Nilgün was the Vice President of the Small and Medium Industry Development Administration in Turkey, and a founder and Board Member for the Turkish Credit Guarantee Fund Company, a founding team member of the Turkish International Cooperation Agency, where she helped set up the OECD Ankara Tax Training and the Istanbul Private Sector Development Centers. She holds undergraduate and graduate degrees in engineering and a master of business administration

Nicola Cantore
Industrial Development Officer, UNIDO
Nicola Cantore holds a Ph.D in environmental economics and management at the University of York and a Ph.D in economics at the Universita` Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. He worked as a junior researcher at the FEEM (Fondazione ENI Enrico Mattei) in Milan, as a senior researcher at the Department of Agricultural Economics and Engineering of the University of Bologna and as a research fellow at the Overseas Development Institute in London. He served as a consultant for many organizations such as UNEP, UNDP and DFID. He is currently a researcher at the Department of Policy Research and Statistics of UNIDO where he was the coordinator of the Industrial Development Report 2016. His CV includes a long list of publications in peer reviewed journals, while his research interests include environment, development and structural change.

Edward Clarence-Smith
Senior Consultant on Green Industry
Edward Clarence-Smith has been a senior consultant on Green Industry since 2016. From 1998 to 2016, he worked for UNIDO in various capacities: UNIDO Regional Representative in Beijing and then in Bangkok (2009-2016); Global Environment Facilities (GEF) Coordinator (2006-2009), and Senior Industrial Officer in the Cleaner Production Unit of UNIDO’s Environmental Management Branch (1998-2006). From 1991 to 1998, he was head of Italian operations at Dames & Moore International, an international environmental consultancy company specializing in environmental due diligence and auditing, as well as groundwater remediation. From 1986 to 1990, Mr. Clarence-Smith worked at the Natural Resources Defense Council, an American environmental NGO, focusing on pollution prevention, hazardous waste management and workers’ ‘right-to-know’ legislation. Prior to this, he focused on chemicals management at the Environment Directorate of the OECD and the Joint Research Centre of the EU.Edward started his career at the US Environmental Protection Agency, working on the control of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).
Mr. Clarence-Smith holds a BSc (Hons) in Chemical Engineering from Edinburgh University and an SM in the same from MIT. He also holds an Engineering degree in Environmental Engineering from MIT.

Ali Saad Hamid Abo Sena
Director, Egypt National Cleaner Production Centre
Mr. Ali Abo Sena has more than 15 years of outstanding professional experience in the field of environmental protection, resource efficiency and cleaner production. He obtained a Master of Science (MSc) in Environmental Management and Policy from the International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE), the University of Lund, Sweden and a diploma in Environmental Management for Developing Countries from Dresden University of Technology (DUT), Germany. Mr. Abo Sena started his professional career by working for several years for the private sector and industry and then joined the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA) at Cabinet of Ministers level, working as Industrial and Environmental Inspector- Team leader.
In 2005, Mr Abo Sena joined the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) – Egypt National Cleaner Production Centre (ENCPC) to work as a Cleaner Production and Chemical Management Expert and was then assigned as a deputy director of ENCPC. In 2013 he was appointed as director of ENCPC.

Naser Waheeb Alnaser
Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture and Interior design, College of Engineering – University of Bahrain
Dr. Alnaser is an Assistant Professor in Architectural Engineering at the University of Bahrain since September 2010. He holds a BSc in Architectural Engineering from University of Bahrain, MSc in Construction Management Engineering (Distinction) from the University of Reading , and PhD in Sustainable Building Construction, also from the University of Reading (2010) . He had published about 20 International papers and written three chapters in Architectural Sustainable Buildings and Constructions. He has served as an architect at the Project & Maintenance Directorate, Royal Court, and Kingdom of Bahrain . He had participated in many conferences in Renewable Energy and sustainable buildings as speaker and as participants. He won The British Chevening Scholarship for Master Degree in Construction Management at University of Reading in 2004. He is an active member at ISES, Arab Section, Germany and Bahrain Engineering Society. He had proposed and helped to write the first Green Strategy at University of Bahrain and also organized the First Global Green Universities Commitment Congress.

Omar Al-Ubaydli
Director of the International and Geopolitical Studies Program, Bahrain Center for Strategic, International & Energy Studies – Derasat
Dr. Al-Ubaydli is the Program Director for International and Geo-Political Studies at the Bahrain Center for Strategic, International and Energy Studies (Derasat), an affiliated Associate Professor of Economics at George Mason University, and an affiliated Senior Research Fellow at the Mercatus Center. His research interests include political economy, experimental economics, and the economics of the GCC countries. Al-Ubaydli previously served as a member of the Commonwealth of Virginia’s Joint Advisory Board of Economists and a Visiting Professor of Economics at the University of Chicago. He regularly publishes his research in international peer-reviewed academic journals, and his mainstream media articles appear in Arabic and English-language newspapers and blogs such as Al-Hayat, Newsweek ME, Forbes Opinion, and US News. Al-Ubaydli earned his BA in Economics from the University of Cambridge, and his MA and PhD in economics from the University of Chicago.

Najat M. Essa Es’haqui
Assistant Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Bahrain
Dr. Es’haquiis currently Assistant Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering in (UOB). She has a PhD from Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU) in Environment Management and Sustainable Development, writing her thesis “Towards Sustainable Water Knowledge Based Community in the Kingdom of Bahrain through Education Empowerment and Involvement Enhancement“. She participated in many national, regional and international conferences and events concerning sustainable development- related issues. Dr. Es’haqi was also activein many of the consultation aimed at discussing and implementing the Sustainable Development Goals locally, regionally and globally. She was a member of the Steering Committee for supporting academia inthe post-2015 development agenda in New York, focusing on Allocating Sustainable Development Goals for the Arab region.

Franz Brugger
Training Manager, UNIDO Institute
Since 2012, Mr. Brugger has worked as a Training Manager with the UNIDO Institute for Capacity Development. He is involved in all of the Institute’s training activities from content preparation to facilitating class exercises.
Previously, he worked with the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations in New York, the International Press Institute in Vienna and the European Commission. Mr. Brugger holds a Master’s degree in Philosophy from Vienna University and a Master’s in International Relations from the University of Cambridge.

Course participants

Bosco Isabirye
Economist
Ministry of Finance
Uganda

Gehan Mahmoud Hamed Khatab
Projects Manager of Resource Efficiency, Policy & Economic Development Unit
Ministry of Trade & Industry
Egypt

Manal Moustafa Zaky Azzam
Chairman’s Counselor for industrial zones development and management
Industrial Development Authority
Egypt

Samson Nyamawi Charo
Director Trade & Co-operative Development
Kwale County Government
Kenya

Ayalneh Abawa Bantihun
Advisor to the State Minister, Agro- Processing Sector
Ministry of Industry
Ethiopia

Anis Dhamna
Analyst, Energy Manager
National Digital Certification Agency
Tunisia

Paul Basudde
Senior Policy Analyst
Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development
Uganda

Aminu Suleman Takuma
Deputy Director
Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission
Nigeria

Mustafa Mohamed Nour Saeed Suliman
Director General of Investment Department
Ministry of Industry
Sudan

Mashudu Owen Mundalamo
Deputy Director: Climate Change Mitigation Policy, Regulation and Planning
Department of Environmental Affairs
South Africa

George Odipo Ndira
Principal Industrial Economist
East Africa Community Secretariat
Kenya

Veronica Akiwele Abagye
Industrial Promotion Officer
Ministry of Trade and Industry
Ghana

Evans Yakubu Temang
Deputy Director
Department of Industrial Development, Federal Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment
Nigeria

Melody Tapera
Principal Economist
Ministry of Industry and Commerce
Zimbabwe

Kent William Buchanan
Control Environment Officer: Climate Change Mitigation Research and Analysis
South African National Department of Environmental Affairs
South Africa

Derick August Moshi
Principal Economist
TIB Development Bank
Tanzania

Fuad Hamdan
Economic Researcher
Ministry of Industry
Jordan

Khalil Ebrahim Jassim
Assistant Professor, Department of Physics
College of Science – University of Bahrain
Bahrain

Hessa Jassim Aljunaid
Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Engineering
College of IT – University of Bahrain
Bahrain

Noora Hassan Alghatam
Assistant Professor, Department of Information System
College of IT – University of Bahrain
Bahrain

Yousef Mohamed Harrath
Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science
College of IT – University of Bahrain
Bahrain

Hala Mohamed Hatoum
Instructor, Department of Business Administration Program
College of Applied Studies – University of Bahrain
Bahrain

Khadija Abdulla Zainal
Assistant Professor, Department of Biology
College of Science – University of Bahrain
Bahrain

Abdulaziz Aldosery
Research Analyst
Bahrain Center for Strategic, International & Energy Studies – Derasat
Bahrain

Khaleel Ibrahim Jassam Al Juboor
Assistant Professor
College of Engineering – University of Bahrain
Bahrain

Nidal Abdul Rahim Dahman
Assistant Professor
College of Engineering – University of Bahrain
Bahrain

Nagib Ghaleb Nasher
Assistant Professor
College of Engineering – University of Bahrain
Bahrain

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