Sustainable Energy Solutions 2016 – Course content

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Wednesday 30 November

Global Development Agenda, Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development
A. Killmeyer-Oleche

In this lecture, participants will be introduced to the United Nations’ global development agenda past and present, the agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals as well as to UNIDO’s concept of Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development.

Thursday 1 December

Renewable Energy – overview of techniques and options
A. Faaij

In recent years, various techniques for the sustainable production of energy have seen an enormous development. For example, the efficiency of these techniques continues to grow as a result of technological developments while costs continue to fall. Wind energy and solar energy are well-known examples. Other techniques, such as energy from biomass, tidal energy and wave energy are also following. In his lecture, André Faaij will give an overview of various techniques and options for a sustainable production of energy. He will address such issues as what are the main characteristics of these techniques, how they differ in practice, under what circumstances they could be usefully employed and how they could be combined to make the energy system more sustainable.

How to develop a secure and sustainable energy infrastructure
M. Visser

The energy system of the future is not only more sustainable, but also needs to continue to meet its core preconditions of being secure, reliable and affordable. What does this ask of the energy infrastructure itself? This is the focus of the lecture by Martien Visser. In his lecture, Martien will address such questions as: How can the infrastructure be developed in such a way that all these aspects can be met at the same time? How can existing infrastructure be used or adapted for new energy uses and production techniques? What are the aspects to keep in mind when combining various functionalities in the same system (e.g. gas and electricity)? How can the infrastructure be made ‘future proof’ in order to be able to integrate new (technological) developments?

How to translate international climate policy targets to national mitigation actions
X. van Tilburg

International climate policy targets provide frameworks for policy action in the area of sustainability and climate change adaptation. But how do you translate this into concrete policy action plans? In his lecture, Sander van Tilburg will address this question and focus on the development and financing of, for example, Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA’s) and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and Low-Emission Development Strategies.

Friday 2 December 2016

Energy system scenarios
G. Dijkema

The ‘greening’ of the energy system is a top policy priority around the world. But what is the best way of achieving this? This is dependent on many circumstances and it is important that solutions are tailored to the local situation. Modelling of various scenarios can help policy makers in deciding on the best way forward, as modelling exercises can provide insight into what happens to overall outcomes of the energy system if you change the variables and parameters that are the ‘inputs’ of the system. Using case studies, Gerard Dijkema will focus on how energy system scenarios can be used in practice. 

Energy Efficiency in buildings and industry
K. Blok

An important way of reducing CO2 emissions associated with the production of energy, is to take measures that reduce the need for the use of energy in the first place. Especially regarding energy use in buildings and industry, substantial improvements are possible to reduce the demand for energy. Energy efficiency measures as a way to meet sustainability goals were long time overlooked but now feature highly on many energy policy agendas. For example, the EU aims to increase energy efficiency by 20% by 2020. In his lecture, Kormelis Blok will focus on energy efficiency in buildings and industry, on how energy efficiency can be improved and on how effective policy frameworks can be designed.

Energy and Sustainable cities
B. Reinders

With a global trend towards more urbanization, cities around the world are growing fast. In light of climate change and sustainability goals, this makes it extremely important to consider how urban growth can be combined with smart city development, i.e., how can city infrastructure and services, including supply and consumption of energy, best be developed (and perhaps be integrated) in a way that is as sustainable as possible while also being reliable, affordable, etc. This is the question that Bram Reinders will address in his lecture, using the example of the GSC3 – a global smart city and community coalition in which municipalities, service providers, research centers and others are working together on smart city solutions.

Presentation ‘new energy’ activities of Gasunie
G. Van Pijkeren

Gerard van Pijkeren, the newly appointed Head of Gasunie New Energy, will explain about the activities of this subsidiary of Gasunie. Gasunie New Energy is active in business development in sustainable energy and the upscaling of innovative energy solutions.

Monday 5 December

The economic context of energy resources policies – and how to avoid a ‘Dutch Disease’
J.-W. Velthuisen

Economic history tells us that countries have struggled with formulating effective and rational economic policies in the area of energy resources. Some countries may be richly endowed with natural energy resources, but the question then becomes how to best put these resources to work for the benefit of the whole of society. Jan-Willem Velthuijsen will explain the history of the Dutch ‘gas economy’ since the discovery of the Groningen gas field in the 1950’s – a story with ups but also downs (hence the term ‘Dutch disease’) that continues to this day. He will also address some other examples (eg United States, Russia, Qatar, Norway) to see what lessons can be learned for countries seeking to develop effective policies for the use of energy resources and the diversification of their (energy) economy.  

Innovation ecosystems
J-J Aué, W. Van Gemert

Innovations in energy technologies and services play an important role in promoting sustainable energy solutions. Improvements in existing technologies or advancements in new technologies help sustainable energy production methods reach the next step and become a viable alternative for fossil energy production. Jan-jaap Aué and Wim van Gemert will explain how EnTranCe (Energy Transition Centre) has become a ‘hotspot’ for energy innovations and how entrepreneurs, researchers and students work together on developing new and smart energy solutions.  EnTranCe is part of a larger innovation ‘ecosystem’ in the Groningen region that seeks to provide a stimulating environment to existing and new energy entrepreneurs. A tour of the EnTranCe facilities is also part of the programme.  

Tuesday 6 December

Social and behavioral dimension of energy transitions
T. Bouman

Citizens are important and active participants in energy systems, and their energy behaviors, attitudes and choices have a large impact on the overall energy use and efficiency. Accordingly, it is crucial to the success of energy transitions to understand the drivers and motivations behind these behaviors, attitudes and choices, as well as how these could be strengthened or changed. In addition, a transition will only be successful if citizens accept, adopt and participate in it. For example, new energy technologies, services or policies will not work if they are not accepted or adopted by consumers. Accordingly, it is important to know which factors could increase acceptance and adoption rates. In this lecture Thijs Bouman will focus on these human dimensions of energy transitions; thereby, offering important insights for governments, industries and companies to base interventions on. Using case studies, Thijs Bouman will focus on how group and cultural values affect environmental behavior and how they influence (collective) environmental behaviors. In addition, he will address how technological innovations could be used to motivate and promote energy efficient behaviors.  

Renewable energy and gender
A. Kooijman

The session on gender and energy is an introduction to the topic of gender mainstreaming in energy policy and practice, including discussion of the concept gender, its relevance to energy policy and projects, and what the process of gender mainstreaming entails.
Using case studies, Annemarije Kooijman, will address how policy makers can take gender issues into account when designing policies in the area of renewable energies.

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